Thursday, May 21, 2020

Professional Ethics Within The Built Environment - 1477 Words

Professional ethics within the built environment Lukman Abdulrahman School of the Built Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, United Kingdom INTRODUCTION Much has been written in recent years on environmental ethics which relates to the more general natural environment, but very little on the built environment. It is now clear that few matters are of more importance to our future than the ways in which we construct our built environments and live our day-to-day lives within them. Most of us living in modern societies spend nearly all our time in highly organised built environments. The structure and quality of our built environments is a significant determinant of our well-being. However, their effects are also far†¦show more content†¦These codes of conduct raise a number of questions about the status of a profession and the consequent moral implications for behaviour. (Fox 2000) According to (MD, 1989), professional ethics is defined as a system of norms so that both the morality and behaviour of professionals could be dealt with in their day-to-day practice by this system. Professional ethics also ascribe moral responsibility not to an individual, but to all professionals practicing in a particular profession. As its name suggests, environmental ethics is, or at least ought to be, concerned with examining any and all ethical questions that arise with respect to a moral agent’s interactions with any and all aspects of the world around her or him. This includes other humans, since environmental ethics typically begins with an analysis of the reasons why we believe humans to be deserving of moral consideration and why we have, until quite recently, denied such consideration to the non-human world. Thus, if its full implications are grasped, environmental ethics represents the most general form of ethics we have. Far from being a minor, ‘applied ethics’ offshoot of the field of enquiry hitherto known simply as ethics, environmental ethics actually represents a vast enlargement of that field of enquiry. This is because, as just implied, the field of ethics to date has been profoundly human-centred in its range of concerns and therefore effectivelyShow MoreRelatedThe Code Of Ethics And Education1366 Words   |  6 PagesEthics and education are both complementary to the other. Education lacking ethics is nothing but nothing learning without purpose and when ethics are when one develops the right ethics then education is essential. What we should know is that the main purpose of education lies in the enlightenment of mind that gives us and our children the ability to choose between what is moral and what is immoral. A code of ethics within any workplace is a set of written principles regarding conduct and behaviorRead MoreProfessional Code Of Conduct : An Ethical Approach1419 Words   |  6 Pages Professional Code of Conduct: An Ethical approach in Nursing The health care system consists of broad spectrums which construct opportunities to provide quality care to their clients. These opportunities are influenced by society and technology consisted demands for streamline processes in health care. Those streamline processes focus on the review of professional code of conduct subjected to an overall mandate of regulations. In particular, regulations pertaining to health care ethics. ForRead MoreCode Of Ethics For Substance Abuse Counseling907 Words   |  4 Pagescode of ethics stands for a set of principles of conduct set within an organization to assist or guide employees to making decisions and adhering to ethical behavior. It’s a set of guidelines that must be followed to make ethical choices when conducting work related matters. Code of ethics is an organizations form integrity. This paper will discuss what an appropriate code of ethics is, and summarize the features of deontological, consequentialist, and virtue of ethics in a professional code of ethicsRead MoreBecoming a Nurse or Midwife Essay1050 Words   |  5 Pagesand legally for the provided care. Trusted professional relationship is strongly built by effective communication. Communication with patient, family and multidisciplinary is essential for quality nursing care to the client. Collaboration with the multidisciplinary team enhances the quality of care significantly. Often nurse acts as a liaison between patient and other health care members in that team. Trust is a basic value and in a trusted environment patient feels free to share honestly to theRead MoreBusiness Code of Ethics Essay1591 Words   |  7 PagesBusiness Code of Ethics Every organization should have a code of ethics in place as a guide for their business to follow. The code of ethics should address the major components that are important to the particular business needs. The Society of Professional Journalists has a code of ethics that guide journalists toward the proper reporting methods and protocol which is meant to ensure that fact based journalism is the result passed on to the community. The code of ethics consists of four majorRead MoreCode Of Ethics : Nursing Values And Ethical Responsibilities1602 Words   |  7 PagesI. CODE OF ETHICS IN NURSING There are seven primary fundamental values in the code of ethics for registered Nurses These values are entitled as â€Å"Nursing values and Ethical Responsibilities.† (Centennial Edition, 2008) ï  ¶ Nursing Values and Ethical Responsibilities 1) Providing Care Nurses should be able to provide safe, skilled and proficient, solicitous care to the patients. The relation between the nurse and the patient. 2) Promoting Health and Well-Being Nurses should be enable to work withRead MoreCivil Engineering : An Interdisciplinary Field Essay1176 Words   |  5 PagesCivil Engineering Career My understanding of Civil Engineering and how it has evolved throughout the semester Civil engineering is an interdisciplinary field that deals in the design, construction and maintenance of the natural and physically built environment (Wong p.213). It entails the constructions works for roads, canals, dams, bridges, buildings and other forms of man-made infrastructure. Civil works are executed to improve the living standards of human beings. Structures are designed to accommodateRead MorePersonal Code Of Ethics By Meredith Keck777 Words   |  4 Pages Personal Code of Ethics Meredith Keck University of the Incarnate Word: Communications in Organizations 27 January 2017 â€Æ' Introduction Leaders are expected to act consistently with their vision and the values they advocate to their team. If a leader’s words or actions are contrary to the values they expect in others, they will be faced with cynicism and contempt. Followers expect their leader to act in their best interests, putting their welfare before their own. An ethical leader is honestRead MoreProject Management At Delphi Printers Essay1329 Words   |  6 PagesIncorporating ethics in our daily lives is essential, particularly in Project Management. Project Managers are considered to have one of the most difficult jobs due to its distinctiveness. They encounter problems, such as, working with individuals who would rather bend or break the rules, and fail to follow the policies and procedures to achieve outstanding results. Project managers encounter several stakeholders, and they generally have a direct or indirect concern in the results of the projectRead MoreU.s. Armys Collective Team Efforts1291 Words   |  6 Pagescannons and a Roman cuirass. To signify the Army’s constant readiness to defend and preserve the United States of America. â€Å"This We’ll Defend† means â€Å"WE’ as the US Army are there, when we are needed, regardless of the mission. We are trusted Army professionals who are there, when our country calls upon us. The shared love of country is a powerful motivation for our service to the Nation. We are the faces of freedom, life, and liberty. We serve not to promote war, but to preserve peace. â€Å"This We’ll Defend†

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay On Life Of Pi Movie And Movie - 795 Words

â€Å"When we tackle obstacles, we find hidden reserves of courage and resilience we didn’t know we had.† -A.P.J Abdul Kalam, this quote means that when we overcome something unexpected we become more resilient. There is a book and a movie version to â€Å"The Life Of Pi† LOP. They have several differences and some similarities. Written by Yann Martel â€Å"The Life Of Pi† is a realistic fiction story about a boy named Pi. When a storm hits his familie ship he ended up stranded at sea with a tiger a.k.a Richard Parker. At first they have their differences but when Pi notices they will be stuck together until they are found , Pi decides to train Richard Parker. The movie isn’t completely like this and it isn’t completely different either, but there are†¦show more content†¦A good dint†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Pi used the tarpaulin hooks in the book but when Pi finds the water breaks the seal and opens the can no problem. Another difference is th e colour of the water cans, in the movie the cans were silver but in the book they were a pale gold colour. According to page 86 of the Code- X text book it states, â€Å" On the lifeboat, the wine of life was served in pale golden cans that fit nicely in the hand.† The book says the water cans are gold but in the movie Pi was chugging from Silver water cans. There may be more differences than similarities between the book and the movie but there are still similarities. There is one main difference between the book and the movie. For instance in the movie it shows Pi on the edge of the boat and being so tired he fell into the water below him, since he was up all night on the edge of the boat with nothing but the lifebuoy holding him up he hurt his neck and his back. According to page 79 of the Code- X it states, â€Å" My neck was sore from holding up my head and from all the craning I was doing. My back hurt from leaning against the lifebuoy.† Pi was keeping watch in both the movie and the book so in both versions he injured his back and neck. Another similarity was when Pi decides to train Richard Parker. According to page 93 it states, â€Å" Wouldn’t this make a good whip with which to keep Richard Parker in line.† Why want to keep a tiger in line other than to train it, just like inShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast Life of Pi book and movie Essay1100 Words   |  5 PagesContrast Essay Introduction: Was Life of Pi a true story of a boy stuck out in sea for 7 months with a Bengal tiger, or all a lie that constantly toyed with our brains? This was a question that always kept readers of the book and viewers of the movie perplexed about which story was the accurate one and is what made it such a success. In the movie, Ang Lee directs the story with his own take on a vast variety of visual details. The book however has many contrasting ideas and themes with the movie. ThereRead More Life Is Mathematics: Looking at the movie Pi. Essay1333 Words   |  6 PagesLife Is Mathematics: Looking at the movie Pi. Well that pretty much says it all. What is it? It is a very good movie. This is an Independent film. It is a number which can only be defined in the mind. The first time I watched this movie was when I was at my best friend’s house last year around 2am. We watched it on VHS, but didn’t finish it. I came back here and found someone who had it on their computer; we burned it to a CD in a DivX format. â€Å"DivX(TM) is a leading MPEG-4 compatibleRead MoreLife Of Pi Book Vs Movie Essay787 Words   |  4 PagesThe Life of Pi movie is supposed to effectively adapt from the book, but does it fully do so? In the movie some certain characteristics are portrayed differently than the book. While some details remained the same, the Life of Pi book and movie represent the meaning of Pi’s story differently. But altogether the movie did not effectively adapt the book, in my mind. One example of the differences in the movie than the book is that in the movie, Richard Parker and Pi’s relationship is portrayed differentlyRead MoreComperative Essay Outline1370 Words   |  6 PagesLife of Pi and Cast Away Comparative Essay Outline Paragraph 1 (Introduction) General sentence to introduce the essay: When people are faced with isolation, they must have the will to survive spiritually, physically, and emotionally. Piscine Malitor Patel and Chuck Nolan, the protagonists, demonstrate these attributes very well. Points to be covered in the essay (what are the 3 similarities?) 1. Pi survives physically with the help of Richard Parker while Chuck Nolan survives with a volleyballRead MoreLife Pi By Yann Martel And The Movie Life Of Pi Directed By Lee Ann1646 Words   |  7 Pagesthe quality of the movie, a lot of the times, depends on the changes made when adapting the novel to film. The director of the movie needs to make sure that the film does not cut off significant parts, and at the same time, abstain from the unnecessary parts the writer made without changing the whole theme. Moreover, they need to add in more characters and scenes to make the film more creative and understandable. In this essay, the comparison of differences in the novel Life of Pi by Yann Martel andRead MoreCulture Vs Pi1546 Words   |  7 PagesMovie Essay When comparing Indian culture to the movie Life of Pi there was many similarities to take note of, whether it had to do with religion, customs/traditions or the lifestyle it all related back to Indian culture. Life of Pi is about a young Indian boy who grew up in Pondicherry, India, whose real name was Piscine Patel. Pi was very close with a man named Francis, he was a former friend of Pi’s family and a champion swimmer, Pi called him Mamaji which translates to uncle. Mamaji named PiRead MoreLife of Pi and Castaway Comparative Essay1463 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Debbie Truong ENG3U1-08 Mr. Ramos 29 May 2014 Life of Pi Cast Away Comparative Essay: Belief and Survival In order for human kind to survive the painfully realistic days of existence, a sort of belief system is direly needed. As shown through Pi Patel from Life of Pi and Chuck Noland from Cast Away, holding onto a belief of something provides one with the determination to survive the worst conditions. Both the novel and the book share the story of two castaways who depend on their belief in somethingRead MoreSimilarities Between Pop Culture And Transcendentalism855 Words   |  4 PagesThe one of most important tenet from transcendentalism is to have personal uniqueness. The transcendentalists have the opinions that individuality and personal uniqueness are very important. In the founder of transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay, Self-Reliance, Emerson said, â€Å"To believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, — that is genius† (Emerson). As Emerson suggesting everyone should follow their own path , believe themselvesRead MoreSam Spade And Marlowe1548 Words   |  7 PagesKristen Charles - Francis ENG 3115-01 Professor Galgan 10/21/17 Formal Essay: Compare and Contrast Spade and Marlowe When you first read or watch something dealing with detectives, as an observer, you must always pay attention to the actions of the characters. The characters are what makes detective stories mysterious, because each character is looked upon as a suspect and for the detective to figure out a solution, he must study everyone s actions, changes in their mood and characterRead MoreLife Of Pi : Humans And Animals Should Do Anything Necessary2615 Words   |  11 PagesTheme Essay Life of Pi shows that humans and animals should do anything necessary to survive whatever challenges they face to live instead of just accepting death. Whatever ways that help one to survive are necessary, even if they compromise personal values, are vicious, or are wicked. Pi, a human; a hyena, and a blind man all fight to survive in a variety of ways that are examples of this thesis. Pi quits his vegetarian diet and also chooses to live on a raft next to a bengal tiger on a lifeboat

Abortion Two Sides of the Argument Free Essays

In today’s society every time a person turns on the television, goes on a computer, turns on a radio, passes a billboard, or picks up a newspaper that person is bombarded with debates. There are many different debates and each debate with two parties both of which have two very different and sometimes conversational opinions. Everywhere a person looks they are faced with arguments such as president Obama’s affordable healthcare act, gay rights, the matters of the death penalty being legalized or illegalized in all states, and many more. We will write a custom essay sample on Abortion: Two Sides of the Argument or any similar topic only for you Order Now In this paper I will not talk about any of the previously stated arguments. I will however talk about one of the most heated and controversial arguments of today. Before I continue with the debate I have chosen I am stating that I will not be sharing any of my personal opinions or views on the matter. I have chosen to discuss the debate regarding abortion and the two sides of the argument. I will explain both Pro Life and Pro choice and the fallacy both sides use when trying to gain followers. Just about every person has an opinion or a side when it comes to the topic of abortion. I have researched percentages based on people who are Pro Life vs. Pro Choice and if abortion is ever Justified. A poll done by Gallup in May of 2013 helps to show some percentages on what side or sides the American people are taking. Based on a one hundred percent model forty five percent of people are Pro Choice, forty eight percent are Pro Life, three percent were mixed, 2 three percent did not understand the meaning of the terms provided, and two percent had no opinion. In the poll a majority of the people who participated had chosen which side of the argument they had agreed with. In another recent model done in May 2013 by Gallup shows the percentages of people’s views on if abortion hould ever be legal and Justifiable. Legal under any circumstances has a vote of twenty six percent, legal under certain circumstances fifty two percent, illegal in all circumstances twenty percent, and no opinion had two percent. Pro Life is a Christian based non- profit anti- abortion organization that was founded in the year 1980 by Joseph Scheidler with the organizations head quarters in Chicago Illinois. The goal of the organization is to protect and save unborn children and their mothers with non violent protests. The organization believes that women are being exploited by the abortion industry. Also that the abortion industry is the main cause of what the organization believes is the murder of an human being. The members of Pro Life have many different tactics implemented to publically protest abortion. The Pro Life organization does not condone any violence in the protesting of abortion, but the organization does use graphic material in the â€Å"Face the Truth: Public Education Initiative†. This educational initiative uses graphic pictures of real aborted fetuses to show the aftermath of the procedure. This protest is described as â€Å"to show our fellow Americans the ugly truth about abortion†. The Pro Life members line the major road ways and intersection while showcasing the graphic images. Pro Life organization also uses less graphic forms of protesting such as sidewalk counseling, youth outreach projects, public, protest, 3 presence at abortion clinics, and confronting abortionists. The majority of protesting takes place at the abortion clinics. Pro Life members will stand outside of the clinics to perform prayer vigils, last minute consulting to women and couples with abortion alternatives, pregnancy resources, as well as confidential counseling. Pro Choice I organized by the National Abortion Federation. It is the national association for professional abortion providers. The N. A. F provides training and services to qualified abortion providers in North America. The goal of the N. A. F is to ensure women’s safety when to comes to abortion whether it is elective or medically necessary. Pro Choice is centered around that women should be able to make private medical decisions with their healthcare providers and to have the right to chose what happens to their bodies. The N. A. F also supports the education for women and youth n different contraceptive methods to help prevent unplanned pregnancies. Also the organization provides resources for women to make inform decisions when it comes to their choices. The organization helps to provide women with the education about abortion, adoption, and parenthood. The organization sets quality standards for abortion care and to make sure the medical providers such as Nurses, Physician Assists, Doctors, and Mid wives are qualified to provide high quality care. N. A. F also helps with legal legislations to keep abortion legal. The organization fears what ould happen to women if abortion was to made illegal. Pro choice does protest to keep abortion legal in the United States. The Pro Choice advertisements are not as graphic as Pro Life’s. Though Pro Choice does have advertisements of what environments women may find themselves in if abortion were to be made illegal. Pro Life also uses education to teach women about what had happened in the 1950’s to the 1960’s before 4 abortion was legal in America. This is used to create awareness so that history will not repeat itself. According to Our Bodies Ourselves a Pro Choice website uses statics o show mortality rate in women to either tried to perform a self initiated abortion. Between 1950 and 1960 before women were legal able to get an abortion 1. 2 million of those women did self performed abortions. In countries where abortion is still illegal unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal deaths. This accounts to 219 women dying daily worldwide. Both organizations use medical facts and statics for a large part of their demonstrations, however they both employ of use of a logical fallacy to make their cases. The logical fallacy that Pro Life and Pro Choice both use is appeal to emotion. Appeal to emotion is a fallacy to manipulate the recipients’ views by using an emotional trigger. This means that the parties involved may not be using actual valid intormation to persuade a person. It is very clear botn ot the organizations are against the other. The names are the first thing I had noticed. The names are completely opposite from one another. For example is a person is Pro choice then they are against life or that person is for death or murder. Also if a person is Pro Life then that implies that person is anti-choice. For another example Pro Life members eb advertisement and That I have personally seen driving on 95 is a image of a baby with the saying â€Å"Endangered species. Obviously children are not a endangered species because human beings are not endangered. This is used to evoke a strong emotional response to gain Pro Life members and not using actual facts to prove a point. Pro Choice also use the appeal to emotion to gain members as well. In a advertisement for the Pro Choice Public Education Project it contains a picture of a dirty bathroom thatâ€⠄¢s covered in filth. Above what is the bathtub is a plaque that says † Operating room†. A bathroom is not an operating room this once again used to invoke emotion. The 5 emotions of despair and fear. This is used in the campaign for keeping abortion legal. Also someone the slogans each side uses appeal to emotions a well. For example Pro Life slogan â€Å"You might forgive yourself, but a dead baby sure can’t†. Whether the baby to speak of is dead or alive the said baby does not have the capability to comprehend forgiveness. Both side also use TV adds to discount the other side and to persuade the viewers. The internet video 180 shows how to change a person’s mind about abortion within seconds. The method that was used involved Hitler and his influence on the German people. Ray Comfort is the interviewer in the movie. Comfort asks a few young people about their feeling regarding the killing of the Jewish people. All the participants agreed that what had happened was wrong and that killing a person was wrong. Comfort then moved into abortion after using emotional response to what happened in the holocaust and comparing that to abortion. Comfort put that abortion is America’s holocaust. In conclusion though both Pro Life and Pro Choice have valid points and information both of the rganizations use appeal to emotion to persuade potential followers. How to cite Abortion: Two Sides of the Argument, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Polyethene-Aint Is Choice! Essays - Commodity Chemicals,

Polyethene-Ain't Is Choice! Year 11 Chemistry Unit 1 POLYETHENE-ain't it choice! word count : 1131 Polyethene also known as polyethylene or polythene, was the first of the polymers to be discovered. Polyethene is a polymer produced by reacting oxygen and ethene, in this reaction the small ethene molecules attach together to form long chain polymer molecules. This process is known as addition polymerisation. Polyethene in our world today has many uses, some of these are: ? mouldings-plastic bottles, lids and caps, different types of containers. ? films-glad wrap and various plastic bags. ? cable coverings-various pipes and insulating wire and cables As you can see polyethene has a huge variety of both domestic and industrial uses, this is fairly impressive when you see that polyethene has only been around sense 1933. Polyethene is a thermoplastic material which is often described as wax-like it is extremely tough and is has an excellent chemical resistance. It is also less dense than water and is the simplest polymer, these attributes lead to polythene being an extremely useful substance. Ethene (C2H4), is a simple hydrocarbon molecule which consists of 2 carbon atoms and 4 hydrogen atoms. Ethene's main use is in the production of polythene yet it is one of the most widely used petrochemicals in the world. Ethene is an unsaturated colourless gas which can be ignited in the presence of oxygen. Below is a diagram of ethene: Polyethene is produced by allowing the free roaming ethene gas molecules to bond together to form long chain polyethene molecules. In order for this to work a catalyst must be used, a catalyst is a substance that can alter the rate of a chemical reaction without undergoing any chemical change itself. During this process thousands of ethene molecules bond to from each molecule of polyethene. Polyethene is simply a set of ethene molecules bonded together to form a chain, these chains can often stretch up to many many times longer than the original ethene molecule. Below is a diagram of polyethene: Although normally ethene monomers have little attraction for one another, yet the polyethene molecules have a strong attraction for one another. When polyethene molecules are attracted and bond high-density polyethene is formed, thus polyethene is either formed by low-density or high-density polymerisation. Ethene can undergo the process called polymerisation due to the fact that it is unsaturated and because it has a double bond between its two carbon atoms. Both High-density and low-density polyethene have different uses. Low-density polyethene is used in the production of products such as various bags, plastic bottles, cling wraps, and insulating cables. Low pressure polymerisation with the use of certain catalysts; has meant that the process of polymerization can be achieved at fairly low pressure (20 atmospheres or 2000 kPa) and at temperatures of approximately 100?C. The reactor itself contains a polyethene bed placed on a perforated plate. It works by allowing the recycled gas to enter near its base, the gas then passes through the plate and pushes up through the bed causing it to bubble. Finally the catalyst converts the ethene to polyethene, once the polyethene is cooled it forms a fine powder called 'fluff' which is then collected and transported to a storage bin. Any ethene gas which has not reacted passes through a compressor and then a cooler, and is processed again. High-density polyethene is used to produce items such as lids, caps, baskets, bowls and large containers such as garbage bins. These polyethene products are created in what is know as high-pressure polymerisation, this is a process that was originally used before low-pressure polymerisation was discovered and thus it is a fairly simple process. Firstly Ethene gas is compressed and liquefied, from here it is pumped into a large reactor at a pressure of up to 2660 atmospheres(266 Mpa). Amongst this oxygen and peroxides are pumped in to initiate the polymerisation reaction. This process generates a huge amount of heat so the most complex part of the system is the cooling facilities. The many products of polyethene which are most commonly used are generally manufactured using any of these five different techniques Extrusion - film, this technique is used for the production of items such as plastic bags such as garbage bags and glad wrap. These are the most

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Free Essays on Visual Perception

Visual Perception - The function of Neural fatigue in interpreting an ambiguous figure. Neuro Psychologists around the world have taken much interest in the field of visual perception. These psychologists have conducted many experiments and formed their own theories as to what they perceive are the processes and brain mechanisms involved in visual perception and further, how these processes and brain mechanisms work and interact together. According to Sutherland (1983), visual perception can be identified as the ability to judge distance and depth, to see movement, to recognize objects when seeing them at different distances or from different points of view, and to construct a model in our heads of the world around us. Research has found that when we create visual imagery in our minds, both top-down and bottom-up processing is equally important to the process. According to Posner and Marcus (1997), bottom-up processing can be defined as those processes driven automatically by a person, over which we may have no control; Barinaga (1997) states that an example of this is the brain's involuntary mechanisms for resolving competition between conflicting interpretations of information it receives. Posner and Marcus define top-down processing as being those processes generated internally by the person, Barinaga (1997) states that an example of this is someone making the choice to focus their attention on searching for a yellow book on a shelf. To understand more fully how the combined contributions of both top-down processing and bottom-up processing interact, Grabowecky, Robertson and Treisman (1993) conducted an experiment into how people can effectively search for a specific chosen visual target! amongst an array of other visual stimuluses (the distracters). This exercise resembled the task of one looking for a familiar face in a photograph of a crowd. In this particular experiment the crowd was resembled using a combination of blu... Free Essays on Visual Perception Free Essays on Visual Perception Visual Perception - The function of Neural fatigue in interpreting an ambiguous figure. Neuro Psychologists around the world have taken much interest in the field of visual perception. These psychologists have conducted many experiments and formed their own theories as to what they perceive are the processes and brain mechanisms involved in visual perception and further, how these processes and brain mechanisms work and interact together. According to Sutherland (1983), visual perception can be identified as the ability to judge distance and depth, to see movement, to recognize objects when seeing them at different distances or from different points of view, and to construct a model in our heads of the world around us. Research has found that when we create visual imagery in our minds, both top-down and bottom-up processing is equally important to the process. According to Posner and Marcus (1997), bottom-up processing can be defined as those processes driven automatically by a person, over which we may have no control; Barinaga (1997) states that an example of this is the brain's involuntary mechanisms for resolving competition between conflicting interpretations of information it receives. Posner and Marcus define top-down processing as being those processes generated internally by the person, Barinaga (1997) states that an example of this is someone making the choice to focus their attention on searching for a yellow book on a shelf. To understand more fully how the combined contributions of both top-down processing and bottom-up processing interact, Grabowecky, Robertson and Treisman (1993) conducted an experiment into how people can effectively search for a specific chosen visual target! amongst an array of other visual stimuluses (the distracters). This exercise resembled the task of one looking for a familiar face in a photograph of a crowd. In this particular experiment the crowd was resembled using a combination of blu...

Monday, March 2, 2020

PC Vitals for Every Freelance Writer

PC Vitals for Every Freelance Writer PC Vitals for Every Freelance Writer PC Vitals for Every Freelance Writer By Colin If you’ve never experienced the horror of a computer screen turning stark blue and displaying garbled characters while you are working on it, then lucky you. My advice is to never take things for granted. Computers have a nasty habit of hiding their internal illnesses until it’s too late, by telling you one thing when they mean another, or by playing tricks on your mind. If, however, you have experienced this scenario, you won’t need me to remind you of the blood curdling scream that came from your throat, or the moment of rapid pleading with a metal box, or the red mist of anger that followed very soon after. You’ll already know what it’s like to have your PC, something you came to think of as a friend, get up and desert you just like that. It’s every writer’s worst nightmare. But it is avoidable. Here are a few tips to help keep your PC in tip-top shape, and to spot those all important warning signs that not everything is as it should be. Only Install What You Need Don’t install software you will probably never use. It only takes up room, and makes unnecessary entries into the computer’s registry, which over time, slows it down considerably. When you do install software, always keep a copy of the installation executable, and always keep this updated at regular intervals. If you ever find you have to start again and rebuild your PC, or even get a new one, you will be able to get back to where you were relatively easily. Make a regular point of going through the installed programs list in the Control Panel and removing what you rarely use. Hard Drive Maintenance Your PC comes with a disk defragmenter and surface scanner – use them regularly. The disk defragmenter will reorganize the data on your hard drive, to ensure faulty sectors are either repaired or removed. This process also optimizes your system to run software faster. The surface scanner checks for physical errors that can then be repaired, or give you warning that something more serious might be on the cards, and that action should be taken. Keep Your Anti-Virus Software Updated There’s a multitude of subscription and free anti-virus software products on the market, so the modern freelance writer can have no reason for not having some form or protection on his PC. Scan For Malware And Adware Regularly Along with anti virus software, these utilities keep your system free from the full spectrum of ware’isms, to the risk of data theft. There are several free products available in the Internet that do this job wonderfully, which no serious freelance writer should be without. Remove All Crap CCleaner is a highly recommended tool to remove the crap that builds up in a PC over time. It quickly and easily rids your machine of unwanted cookies, temporary files, logs, and installation garbage, clearing up space, and ensuring integrity. CCleaner is also excellent at keeping your system registry in tip-top shape, by scanning for obsolete entries, missing links and files, and removing them after taking a backup. Keep Regular Backups Perhaps the most important thing a writer can, and should, do regularly. If you take nothing else from this article, you should at least take heed of this section, the importance of which cannot be stressed enough. Should you lose your PC to internal failure, you can always buy another one. But if that failure means the loss of the directory called â€Å"All My Writing,† and you have taken no backups, your life is over. There’s no excuse for not backing up regularly. Once per month is not enough – it should be done at least once per week minimum, and daily if you have works in progress. Whether you back the whole lot up onto a DVD in one go, or do it file by file because your system still uses 4.5† floppy disks DO IT! You will never forgive yourself if the worst happens. Watch for Warning Signs PCs often give off subtle warnings that a failure is impending, so it would be useful to be able to recognize them. Should you spot any of the following, take immediate backups of everything, and start running checks. At Boot Up Watch for any difference in the start-up messages as your PC boots up, such as hardware not being located, registry information missing, control, or system file errors, etc. Listen for strange noises coming from the hard drive as it gets going. Squeaks, groans, or moans can indicate something is wrong. Keep an eye on the boot-up time. Is it getting slower or does it appear to be struggling? If so, do a back up and run your checks. While In Use Have you noticed applications taking a while to load up, or when in use, are they running slower, hanging for no reason, or closing down unexpectedly? Don’t leave it until it dies before doing something about it. Does your hard drive go through periods of seemingly intense use when nothing is happening? Watch the CPU and make sure it’s not being over-used – a larger issue could be unfolding. At Shutdown Does the machine take a while to shut down? Does it hang while closing down, leaving you to pull the plug to shut it down for the night? Are there any spurious messages on the screen? Any of these things could indicate there is a problem. The rule of thumb if you spot a potential problem is to take a backup, then get it checked out. When To Do All Of This Daily – Incremental backups on all WIPs, checks on PC running stability. Weekly – AV quick scan, ad/malware quick scan, crap clean, full backup of all data. Monthly – AV deep scan, ad/malware deep scan, full backup of the entire system (data and applications). Staying on top of your PC’s integrity can save a freelance writer much embarrassment, time, and money – even his career. Don’t be a fool and fall into the â€Å"it will never happen to me† trap, because when you start thinking like that, the chances are you’re next. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Freelance Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Slang Terms for Money40 Fish Idioms7 Sound Techniques for Effective Writing

Friday, February 14, 2020

Politics and Policy Reform In The US Research Paper

Politics and Policy Reform In The US - Research Paper Example During the Golden age, America was faced with the difficulties caused by increased industrialization and urbanization. The challenges prompted the government and political leader to advocate policies to control the emerging big businesses and the welfare of the general public. The federal income tax policy was passed during this time. Moreover, the outcry of the populist reform agenda ensured that senators were directly elected by the people to represent the government of the state in legislation and other national policies. These policies were driven by a progressive movement who late formed a political party in 1912 (Rutgers, 2014). However, the policies have the support from both the Republicans and the Democrats. President Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, as well as William Howard, argued that they were Progressives. Policy issues have been emanating from the public and unto the politics. The group of writer’s journalist referred to as the muckrakers were responsible for noticing the failure of the American society in early 1900. They build public awareness of the need for change to avert the emergence of a crisis. For example, The Shame of the Cities written by Steffens’ attached the corruption in the municipal councils. Moreover, History of the Standard Oil Company exposed the malpractices of John Rockefeller’s (Rutgers, 2014). These issues raised by public entities formed the basis of a major political appointee to the office of the President (Rutgers, 2014). The history of health care reform date back to late 1800 until the passage of the recent health Acts by the Senate. It has been over a century for the establishment of a government universal health care (Palmer, 1999). An earlier political leader had argued that they were on the roadmap to success, but they ended up failing during a vote in Congress.